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Table 1 Well-being therapy (WBT) sessions according to Fava [19, 21] and Fava et al. [20]

From: Protocol and methods for testing the efficacy of well-being therapy in chronic migraine patients: a randomized controlled trial

Session Focus Objectives Tool
Session 1 Identifying and setting episodes of well-being into situational context Report the circumstances surrounding the episodes of well-being rated on a scale of 0 to 100, with zero being absence of well-being and 100 being the most intense well-being Diary
Session 2 Optimal experiences Define optimal experiences and report on them Diary
Session 3 Identifying interfering thoughts and behaviors Report the thoughts and behaviors that interrupt well-being Diary
Session 4 Illustrating autonomy Proposing the dimension of autonomy as material for reflections to the well-being diary Examples, metaphors
  Reflecting and practicing autonomy Attempting to explain the premature interruption of well-being with the help of the dimension of autonomy Daily exposure to pleasurable activities and diary
Session 5 Illustrating environmental mastery Proposing the dimension of environmental mastery as material for reflections to the well-being diary Examples, metaphors
Reflecting and practicing environmental mastery Attempting to explain the premature interruption of well-being with the help of the dimension of environmental mastery Daily exposure to pleasurable activities and diary
Session 6 Illustrating positive relations with others Proposing the dimension of satisfactory interactions as material for reflections to the well-being diary Examples, metaphors
Reflecting and practicing positive relations with others Attempting to explain the premature interruption of well-being with the help of the dimension of satisfactory interactions Daily exposure to pleasurable activities and diary
  Illustrating personal growth Proposing the dimension of individual’s style and degree of growth as material for reflections to the well-being diary Examples, metaphors
Reflecting and practicing personal growth Attempting to explain the premature interruption of well-being with the help of the dimension of individual’s style and degree of growth Daily exposure to pleasurable activities + diary
Session 7 Illustrating self-acceptance Proposing the dimension of development or self-actualization as material for reflections to the well-being diary Examples, metaphors
Reflecting and practicing self-acceptance Attempting to explain the premature interruption of well-being with the help of the dimension of development or self-actualization Daily exposure to pleasurable activities and diary
  Illustrating purpose in life Proposing the dimension of an individual’s balance and integration of psychic forces as material for reflections to the well-being diary Examples, metaphors
Reflecting and practicing purpose in life Attempting to explain the premature interruption of well-being with the help of the dimension of an individual’s balance and integration of psychic forces Daily exposure to pleasurable activities and diary
Session 8 Placing the experience of WBT in the treatment history of the patient
Ending treatment therapy
Review the patient’s effort to contrast interruptions of well-being
Continuing cognitive restructuring and in vivo contrast of automatic thoughts
Checking the patient’s feeling about ending the therapy
Diary