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Table 3 Specific intervention strategies and how they relate to each theoretical construct [18]

From: Feasibility of a physical activity programme embedded into the daily lives of older adults living in nursing homes: protocol for a randomised controlled pilot feasibility study

Behaviour change principle Intervention strategies
Knowledge - Researcher will educate each participant on health benefits of PA in the context of their own health
- Educational posters displayed in nursing home
- Re-enforcement by the care staff monitoring the intervention
Self-efficacy - Completion of baseline physical assessments
- Involvement of participants in refining their personal PA programme
- Mastery of PA programme throughout intervention
- Observation of other participants being physically active
- Encouragement and constructive feedback from researcher and staff
Outcome expectations - Discussion of outcome expectations in initial meeting between researcher and participant
- Self-monitoring of PA programme via logbook
- Reassessment of goals at follow-up to chart improvement
Goal-setting - Participant sets PA related goals and performance indicators
- Goals and PA programme displayed on bedroom wall
- Reassessment of goal attainment at follow-up
Perceived impediments and facilitators - Barriers and facilitators to goal attainment discussed and addressed in initial meeting
- Allocation of staff to monitor intervention and support participants with their PA programmes
- Reflection on personal diary
- Participants encouraged to carry out walking together for social support