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Table 2 SODIS utilization among intervention households during the 6 months of 12 observations (n = 3261 household-weeks of observations) in Dabat district, northwest Ethiopia, 10 January to 7 July 2016

From: The effect of SODIS water treatment intervention at the household level in reducing diarrheal incidence among children under 5 years of age: a cluster randomized controlled trial in Dabat district, northwest Ethiopia

Characteristics Number Percent (%)
Regular SODIS practices
 Yes 2953 90.6
 No 308 9.4
Reasons for non-exposure of SODIS bottle (n = 308)
 Negligence 121 39.3
 Cloudy day 56 18.2
 Work load 53 17.2
 Bottle lost 3 1.0
 Boiling 2 0.6
 Other reasons 73 23.7
Observation of SODIS bottles (physical condition)
 Clean bottle filled with clear water 2205 67.6
 Clean bottle filled with turbid water 282 8.6
 Dirty bottle filled with clear water 21 0.6
 Dirty bottle filled with turbid water 12 0.4
 No observation bottles at the time of visits 741 22.7
Responsible person for SODIS process at home
 Mother 3020 92.6
 All family members 149 4.6
 Children 71 2.2
 Father 21 0.6
SODIS bottle exposed to sunlight at visiting time
 Yes 2479 76.0
 No 782 24.0
SODIS bottle with ready-to-drink water at the time of visiting
 Yes 2512 77.0
 No 749 23.0
SODIS water users
 All family members 2261 69.3
 Only U5C children 1000 30.7
U5C who drank untreated water during follow-up study period
 Yes 1196 36.7
 No 2064 63.3
Means of drinking
 SODIS bottle 2426 74.4
 Common cup with family 694 21.3
 Separate cup for children 141 4.3
Type of surfaces of support for SODIS bottle
 Pieces of CISs laid on ground/bench top 1435 44.0
 Roof top 853 26.2
 Everywhere outside the house 839 25.7
 Pieces of black plastic sheet 134 4.1
Reasons for shadow (n = 90)
 Tree shadow 66 73.3
 Building shadow 24 26.7
Storing of SODIS bottle inside the house
 In shelf 2468 75.7
 In durable plastic bag 708 21.7
 Anywhere in the house 85 2.6
Use of SODIS bottle for other domestic purpose (n = 65)
 For cooking oil 32 49.2
 For kerosene 23 35.4
 For milk 3 4.6
 For others 7 10.8
Observation of field workers about SODIS practices
 Good 2839 87.1
 Poor 422 12.9
  1. Legend: CIS corrugated iron sheet, SODIS solar disinfection, U5C under-five children