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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of community and households of the randomized control trial, Dabat district, northwest Ethiopia, November 2015

From: The effect of SODIS water treatment intervention at the household level in reducing diarrheal incidence among children under 5 years of age: a cluster randomized controlled trial in Dabat district, northwest Ethiopia

Characteristics Intervention n (%) Control (%) p value
Primary caregivers of children
 Mean age (± SD) (year) 30.7 (± 7.1) 30.2 (± 8.4) 0.08
 No formal education of mother 242 (86.4) 239 (81.6) 0.11
 Occupation (housewives) 279 (99.6) 291 (99.3) 0.23
 No formal education of father 225 (80.4) 246 (84.0) 0.16
 Occupation of heads of households (Farmer) 278 (99.3) 285 (97.3) 0.20
Economic indicators
 Own land 276 (98.6) 282 (96.2) 0.08
 Own mobile 50 (17.9) 62 (21.2) 0.32
 Own radio 23 (8.2) 28 (9.6) 0.57
 Own livestock 275 (98.6) 282 (96.2) 0.45
Housing condition
 Corrugated iron sheet (CIS) roof 203 (72.5) 196 (66.9) 0.15
 Separate kitchen 29 (10.4) 25 (8.5) 0.46
 Live together with animals 198 (67.5) 182 (62.1) 0.18
Drinking-water
 Unimproved water source 186 (66.4) 198 (67.6) 0.77
 Well 73 (26.2) 62 (21.2)  
 Spring 141 (50.4) 118 (40.3)  
 Stream/river 66 (23.6) 113 (38.6)  
 Jerry can for home water storage 279 (99.6) 290 (99.0) 0.34
 Treatment of drinking-water (any method) 6 (2.1) 10 (3.4) 0.36
Sanitation and hygiene
 Waste disposal (proper) 207 (73.9) 211 (77.1) 0.61
 Functional latrine (proper) 34 (68.0) 54 (80.6) 0.12
 Separate hand washing facility present 117 (41.8) 117 (39.9) 0.65
 Hand washing agents (soap/ash) 57 (20.4) 51 (17.4) 0.37
 Separate cup for child drinking 26 (9.3) 23 (7.8) 0.54
 Hand-washing before child feeding 267 (95.4) 275 (93.3) 0.43
 Hand-washing after toilet 199 (71.1) 229 (78.2) 0.051
 Hand-washing after waste handling 259 (92.5) 269 (91.8) 0.76
Children characteristics
 Number of under-five children 397 400 0.86
 Mean (± SD) age of children (months) 28.8 (± 15.9) 29.7 (± 15.1) 0.04
 Male children 204 (51.4) 203 (50.8) 0.89
 Measles vaccinated 291 (85.6) 305 (85.4) 0.95
 Rota virus vaccinated 126 (31.7) 116 (29.3) 0.46
 Two-week prevalence of diarrhea 80 (20.8) 86 (21.8) 0.74