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Table 2 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Quality of life, satisfaction and outcomes after ministernotomy versus full sternotomy isolated aortic valve replacement (QUALITY-AVR): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Inclusion criteria
 • Severe aortic stenosis (calcified aortic valve, aortic valve area < 1 cm2 or body surface area index < 0.6 cm2, mean transvalvular gradient > 40 mmHg or peak systolic velocity > 4 m/s) or double aortic lesion with predominance of stenosis
 • Sympotomatic (dyspnea NYHA score ≥ 2, angina or syncope)
 • Age ≥ 18 years
 • Capacity to give informed consent
Exclusion criteria
 • Moderately depressed ejection fraction (< 40%)
 • Prior heart surgery (redo operation)
 • Emergent surgery (within the first 24 h of admission)
 • Infectious endocarditis
 • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease greater than moderate (forced expiratory volume at 1 s (FEV1) predicted < 60% measured by spirometry)
 • Need for concomitant surgery except Morrow myectomy preoperative or intraoperative