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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria of the PROUD trial

From: Bright light therapy versus physical exercise to prevent co-morbid depression and obesity in adolescents and young adults with attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Inclusion criteria All participants must meet DSM-5 criteria for a lifetime history of childhood onset ADHD (DSM-5 314.00, 314.01) as well as current ADHD criteria established by a specialist in the field
Age 14 – < 30 years
Written informed consent of the legal caretakers of the participant (age < 18 years) and, if possible, written assent of the participant (age < 18 years) himself
Written informed consent of the of the participant (age ≥ 18 years)
Stable TAU comprising pharmacotherapy, group-based or individual CBT (not including elements of BLT or EI)
Normal or corrected to normal vision
Ability to understand, read, write, and speak fluently in the language of the study site
Ability to regularly and reliably attend appointments
Exclusion criteria IQ < 75 (measured by WAIS-IV or WISC-IV vocabulary and matrix reasoning subtests)
Any severe co-morbid psychiatric disorder other than the co-morbid conditions explicitly studied with necessary additional psychopharmacotherapy or psychiatric intervention involving day-care/inpatient treatment at start of study, especially a diagnosis of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, autism spectrum disorder, schizoaffective disorder or organic psychiatric disorder (current or lifetime)
Any severe medical or neurological condition interfering with interventions
Any severe medical or neurological condition not allowing BLT or EI
Use of antipsychotic or anti-epileptic medication, photo-sensitizing medication (e.g. lithium, St. John’s Wort)
Substance use disorder (DSM-5) or dependency (DSM-5)
History of epilepsy
Acute suicidal ideation
Participant is related to the investigator or study staff
Participation in other clinical trials and observation period of competing trials (participation in other studies is permitted if the respective study is a no-medication or psychotherapy trial and if its aims do not interfere with the aims of the present study)
No participant will be allowed to enroll in this trial more than once
  1. WAIS Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, WISC Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, IQ intelligence quotient, CBT cognitive behavioral therapy