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Table 1 Distribution of demographic and clinical characteristics by group of intervention in 65 followed patients

From: Safety and efficacy of inspiratory muscle training for preventing adverse outcomes in patients at risk of prolonged hospitalisation

  IMT group (N = 31) Sham IMT group (N = 34)
Gender:
 Female [n (%)] 15 (53.5) = 18 (58.1) 17 (65.3) = 22 (64.7)
 Male [n (%)] 11 (46.5) = 13 (41.9) 5 (34.7)  = 12 (35.3)
Age [mean ± SD] 45.1 ± 1.5 44.0 ± 1.5
Diagnosis [n (%)]
 Stroke 5 (19.3) = 5 (16.1) 6 (21.4)  = 6 (17.6)
 Brain tumour 4 (15.4) = 4 (12.9) 4 (14.3) = 4 (11.8)
 Sepsis 4 (15.4) = 4 (12.9) 5 (17.9) = 5 (14.7)
 Pneumonia 3 (11.5) = 3 (9.7) 2 (7.1) = 2 (5.8)
 Abdominal surgery 3 (11.5) = 3 (9.7) 4 (14.3) = 4 (11.8)
 Spinal cord tumour 2 (7.7) = 2 (6.5) 3 (10.7) = 3 (8.8)
 Endovascular revascularisation 2 (7.7) = 2 (6.5) 2 (7.1) = 2 (5.8)
 Othersa 3 (11.5) = 3 (9.7) 2 (7.1) = 2 (5.8)
APACHE II [mean ± SD] 21.6 ± 0.4 20.8 ± 0.6
Assiduity to the protocol [mean ± SD] 49.4 ± 2.2 48.9 ± 2.0
  1. APACHE II Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation IMT group inspiratory muscle training group, Sham IMT group sham inspiratory muscle training group, SD standard deviation
  2. aDiagnostics with frequency lower than 5% were grouped in Others