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Table 1 The Self-help, Integrated, and Gamified Mobile-phone Application explicit cognitive-behavioral intervention (SIGMAe) behavioral (B), cognitive (C), and cognitive-behavioral (CB) coping choices exemplified

From: An evidence-based gamified mHealth intervention for overweight young adults with maladaptive eating habits: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Worst coping card alternative Best coping card alternative
Emotional eating scenario: Ann just got separated from her boyfriend. She is sad and in order to help her feel better her friends booked a table at her favorite restaurant. Ann says to herself:
 B I can hardly wait to go to the restaurant and eat all I can eat to feel better I know that my favorite restaurant will be a tempting setting for me, especially in these circumstances. I suggest going to bowling
 C It’s terrible what happened to me. There is no way out. My friends are right; we should go out and eat It is unpleasant what happened to me; however, I can cope with this situation
CB It is unpleasant what happened to me; however, I can cope with this situation. In addition, there are plenty more things to do than eating my feelings, like go bowling
Binge-eating scenario: Eliza is approaching the fridge. She feels like she is going to lose control. Eliza says to herself:
 B I can’t help myself. I will eat as much as I want I will do my relaxation exercises and then I’ll read something
 C It is not fair. Others can eat all they want. Why shouldn’t I? It may not seem fair; however, eating until I can no longer eat is hardly a solution
CB It may not seem fair; however, eating until I can no longer eat is hardly a solution. Instead, I will do my relaxation exercises
Craving scenario: when watching TV, Daniel is always tempted to eat a bag of chips or chew something. He says:
 B I’ll eat chips while watching TV If I am going to watch TV, I might as well play with my dog
 C I must eat something; I am not used to simply watching TV No need to eat chips while I watch TV. I can do without
CB No need to eat chips while I watch TV. I can do without or if not I can play with my dog