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Table 3 Definitions of various infectious complications

From: Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in the treatment of acute cholecystitis (PEANUTS II trial): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Complication Definition
Superficial incisional Localized signs such as redness, pain, heat, or swelling at the site of the incision or by the drainage of pus
Deep incisional Presence of pus or an abscess, fever with tenderness of the wound, or separation of the edges of the incision exposing the deeper tissues
Organ or space infection Fever and/or elevated CRP/WBC count and intra-abdominal fluid collection visualized by CT imaging or ultrasound
Pneumonia Coughing or dyspnea, radiography with infiltrative abnormalities, or elevated infection parameters in combination with positive sputum culture
Urinary tract infection Dysuria, elevated WBC count, and/or presence of nitrate in urine sediment in combination with a positive urine culture
Bacteremia Presence of at least one positive hemoccult test result for the same pathogen
  1. Abbreviations: CRP C-reactive protein, CT Computed tomographic, WBC White blood cell