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Table 3 Baseline characteristics of home care referrals with a diabetic foot ulcer diagnosis in 2013

From: A large cluster randomized trial of outcome-based pathways to improve home-based wound care

Characteristic Control
(N = 6066)
Intervention
(N = 5997)
Combined
(N = 12,063)
Standardized difference
Age – years     5%
 Mean ± SD 64.82 ± 14.13 65.60 ± 14.21 65.21 ± 14.18  
 Median (IQR) 65 (55–75) 66 (56–76) 66 (56–76)  
Female sex 2319 (38.23%) 2425 (40.44%) 4744 (39.33%) 4%
Urban status 5314 (87.60%) 5055 (84.29%) 10369 (85.96%) 9%
Neighborhood income quintile
 Low 1665 (27.45%) 1339 (22.33%) 3004 (24.90%) 12%
1411 (23.26%) 1211 (20.19%) 2622 (21.74%) 7%
1167 (19.24%) 1236 (20.61%) 2403 (19.92%) 3%
940 (15.50%) 1199 (19.99%) 2139 (17.73%) 12%
 High 837 (13.80%) 986 (16.44%) 1823 (15.11%) 7%
Charlson Comorbidity Score
 0–1 3211 (52.93%) 3340 (55.69%) 6551 (54.31%) 6%
 2–3 1734 (28.59%) 1587 (26.46%) 3321 (27.53%) 5%
 ≥4 1121 (18.48%) 1070 (17.84%) 2191 (18.16%) 2%
  1. IQR interquartile range, SD standard deviation