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Table 1 Acupuncture protocol [25]

From: Acupuncture treatment for insulin sensitivity of women with polycystic ovary syndrome and insulin resistance: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Point Stimulation location Muscle Innervation
Set 1
 Zhongji (CV3) EA 4 cun caudal to the umbilicus Fibrous tissue, linea alba L1
 Zhongwan (CV12) EA On the midline, 4 cun superior to the umbilicus Fibrous tissue, linea alba Th7-8
 Guilai (bilateral) (ST29) EA 1 cun cranial to the pubic bone and 2 cun lateral of the midline M. rectus abdominis Th6-12
 Liangqiu (bilateral) (ST34) EA 2 cun above the superior lateral border of the patella on the line connecting the anterior superior iliac spine found with the knee flexed M. quadriceps femoris Femoral nerve
 Yinshi (bilateral) (ST33) EA 3 cun above the superior lateral border of the patella on the line connecting the anterior superior iliac spine found with the knee flexed M. quadriceps femoris Femoral nerve
 Sanyinjiao (bilateral) (SP6) De Qi four times 3 cun proximal to the medial malleolus Mm. flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posterior L4–5, S1–2
 Zusanli (bilateral) (ST36) De Qi four times On the anterior lateral side of the leg, 3 cun below Dubi (ST35), one finger width (middle finger) from the anterior crest of the tibia Musculi tibialis anterior L4–5, S1
 Hegu (bilateral) (LI4) De Qi four times On the highest point at m. interosseus dorsalis Mm. interosseus dorsalis I, lumbricalis II, adductor pollicis C8, Th1
Set 2
 Daju (bilateral) (ST27) EA 3 cun cranial to the pubic bone and 2 cun lateral to the midline M. rectus abdominis Th6–12
 Qihai (CV6) EA 1.5 cun caudal to the umbilicus Fibrous tissue, linea alba Th11
 Xiawan (CV10) EA 2 cun cranial to the umbilicus Fibrous tissue, linea alba Th8
 Extra-meridian point (bilateral) EA 6 cun above the patella in line with SP10 M. quadriceps femoris L2–L4
 Xuehai (bilateral) (SP10) EA With the knee flexed, on the medial side of the thigh 2 cun above the superior medial corner of the patella on the prominence of the medial head of the quadriceps muscle of the thigh M. quadriceps femoris L2–L4
 Sanyinjiao (bilateral) (SP6) De Qi four times 3 cun proximal to the medial malleolus Mm. flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posterior L4–5, S1–2
 Taichong (bilateral) (LR3) De Qi four times Between metatarsal I & II, just distal to the caput M. interosseus dorsalis I S2–3
 Neiguan (bilateral) (PC6) De Qi four times 2 cun proximal to the processus styloideus radii, between the tendons of the palmaris longus and the flexor carpi radialis M. flexor digitorum superficialis C8, Th1
  1. The two sets will be alternated for every other treatment
  2. C cervical vertebra, CV conception vessel, EA electroacupuncture, L lumbar vertebra, LI large intestine, LR liver, M. musculi, Mm. musculus, PC pericardium, S sacral vertebra, SP spleen, ST stomach, Th thoracic vertebra