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Table 1 Parameters used during the simulation study and their values

From: An imbalance in cluster sizes does not lead to notable loss of power in cross-sectional, stepped-wedge cluster randomised trials with a continuous outcome

Simulation parameter Values
Type I error, α 0.05
Power, 1 − β 80%
ICC, ρ 0.05
Effect size 0.2
Average cluster size 10, 20, 30, 40
Number of steps 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Number of measurements taken at each time period 1
Imbalance in cluster size None, moderate, Poisson, Pareto 60:40, Pareto 70:30, Pareto 80:20