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Table 1 Selected behaviour change techniques for the Activate intervention and division of behaviour change techniques between consultations

From: Unravelling effectiveness of a nurse-led behaviour change intervention to enhance physical activity in patients at risk for cardiovascular disease in primary care: study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial

Selected BCTs from BCTTv1 (examples of application of included BCTs) BCTs divided between four consultations
1 2 3 4
1. Goal setting (behaviour) (e.g., agree a personal daily activity goal) x x x x
2. Problem solving (includes barrier identification and relapse prevention) (e.g., prompt to identify personal advantages and disadvantages of physical activity, focus on advantages and deal with disadvantages, discuss ways to prevent or deal with relapse) x x x x
3. Goal setting (outcome) (e.g., agree on a personal health goal such as a decrease in patient’s blood pressure) x    
4. Action planning (e.g., prompt to plan specific activities at particular times during the week using the personal activity log) x x x x
5. Review behavioural goal(s) (e.g., examine how the patient worked on the agreed goal, and consider re-setting, modifying or continuing with the agreed goal)   x x x
6. Commitment (e.g., ask to affirm the agreed goal and action plan)   x x x
7. Feedback on behaviour (e.g., give feedback using the personal activity log) x x x x
8. Self-monitoring of behaviour (e.g., ask to wear the accelerometer and to fill in the personal activity log daily) x x x x
9. Social support (unspecified) (e.g., encourage support from patient’s spouse or ‘buddy’)   x x x
10. Social support (practical) (e.g., encourage practical help from patient’s spouse or ‘buddy’)   x x x
11. Information about health consequences (e.g., inform about health benefits of physical activity) x x   
12. Prompts/cues (e.g., advise to use the Post-Its and the pen with the study logo to remind of physical activity)   x x x
13. Habit formation (e.g., prompt to rehearse and repeat the planned daily activities)    x x
14. Graded tasks (e.g., assist to increase the level of activity step by step by agreeing with achievable and challenging goals)   x x x
15. Restructuring the physical environment (e.g., advice to repair the bike, buy good shoes or rain clothes)   x x x
16. Restructuring the social environment (e.g., advise to go walking with a friend instead of drinking coffee)   x x x
17. Focus on past success (e.g., encourage to think about occasions on which the patient succeeded in being physically active) x x x x
  1. Abbreviations: BCTTv1 Behaviour Change Technique Taxonomy v1, BCT Behaviour change technique