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Table 1 Overview of COMP and COMP-MST training techniques

From: The efficacy of prospective memory rehabilitation plus metacognitive skills training for adults with traumatic brain injury: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Compensatory strategy training (completed in COMP and COMP-MST)
Description Aim
Prospective memory education To develop participants’ understanding of what PM is and the impact of TBI on PM ability
Use of a memory aid
E.g., diary or organizational device
To assist participants in identifying and learning to use a portable compensatory aid that meets their individual needs and preferences
Time management and environmental organization techniques To maximize organization and time management within participants’ existing routines and home environments
Writing reminders, appointments, note-taking To demonstrate basic note-taking skills for recording reminders
Family/friend training To involve significant others in participants’ memory aid training in order to increase others’ understanding of PM strategies and reinforce the use of memory aids outside of the training environment
Strategy generation practice
E.g., video scenarios of everyday memory failures
To encourage self-generation of a range of suitable strategies for use within the context of “real-life” PM failures that impact on independent living, community integration, and social relationships
Future memory aid agreement To reinforce use of the memory aid and note-taking skills, and devise a plan for maintenance of strategy use in the future
Cognitive activity (completed in COMP only)
Description Aim
Cognitive activity
E.g., workbook exercises, attention tasks
To provide an active control or filler task for metacognitive skills training, i.e., a similar amount of therapy time allocated to tasks unrelated to PM or self-awareness
Metacognitive skills training (completed in COMP-MST only)
Description Aim
Role modeling
E.g., watching a video of someone else discussing their PM difficulties and demonstrating ways they overcame their PM failure
To allow participants to identify similarities between the PM problems being modeled and their own experience, to increase self-awareness of personal challenges and potential usefulness of strategies
Timely feedback
E.g., verbal, video, experiential and written feedback
To provide an opportunity for participants to gain insight into their PM performance, self-reflect on their performance, and generate strategies for future use
Self-reflection activities
E.g., self-prediction of PM performance prior to performance and self-evaluation following performance; journal of PM failures and strategy use in everyday life; discussion of impact of TBI
To encourage participants to self-monitor their performance, gain insight into how to self-correct errors, and practice generating strategies for future use