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Table 2 Themes and context of the philosophical arguments

From: The ethical issues regarding consent to clinical trials with pre-term or sick neonates: a systematic review (framework synthesis) of the analytical (theoretical/philosophical) research

  Themes revealed
Ethical basis for consent Validity of consent Issues of risk Other options for consent Miscellaneous topics
Context in which philosophical arguments have been developed Emergency neonatal research   Manning, 2000 [24]   Manning, 2000 [24]  
Perinatal clinical decision-making Pinkerton et al., 1997 [20]     
Foetal-maternal research   American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Committee on Ethics; American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Bioethics, 2011 [26]    American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Committee on Ethics; American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Bioethics, 2011 [26]
Neonatal clinical decisions Rostain and Bhutani, 1989 [13] Rostain and Bhutani, 1989 [13] Rostain and Bhutani, 1989 [13]   
Schneider, 1988 [15]
Neonatal research McDonnell, 1990 [14] Silverman, 1988 [29] Silverman, 1988 [29] Silverman and Altman, 1996 [35]  
Silverman and Altman, 1996 [35] Tyson and Knudson, 2000 [32]
Tyson and Knudson, 2000 [32] Allmark, 1999 [40]
Vain et al., 2004 [38]
Perinatal emergency research     Vain et al., 2004 [31]  
Trials in general (but discusses ECMO)     Worrall, 2008 [39]  
Braunholtz, 1999 [41]
  1. ECMO Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation