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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of participant families by intervention groups

From: Service-integration approaches for families with low income: a Families First Edmonton, community-based, randomized, controlled trial

  Comprehensive Family Healthy Lifestyle Family Recreation Self-Directed
N 293 293 291 291
Primary parent
 Age, y 35 (30,41) 35 (30,41) 35 (30,41) 34 (29,40)
 Female 248 (84.6) 259 (88.4) 250 (85.9) 241 (82.8)
 EQ-VAS 75 (60,85) 75 (59.5,85) 77 (60,90) 76 (60,90)
Focus child
 Age, y 6 (3,9) 6 (3,10) 6 (3,10) 6 (3,10)
 Female 160 (54.6) 141 (48.1) 132 (45.4) 130 (44.7)
Family structure
 Lone parent 172 (58.7) 187 (63.8) 169 (58.1) 169 (58.1)
 Number of adults 1 (1,2) 1 (1,2) 1 (1,2) 1 (1,2)
 Number of children 2 (1,3) 2 (1,3) 2 (1,3) 2 (1,3)
 Child-to-adult ratio [mean] 1 (1,2) [1.59] 1 (1,2) [1.60] 1 (1,2) [1.56] 1 (1,2) [1.55]
Citizenship history
 Born in Canada 179 (61.1) 184 (62.8) 172 (59.1) 177 (60.8)
  Not Aboriginal 134 (45.7) 136 (46.4) 128 (44) 137 (47.1)
  Aboriginal 45 (15.4) 48 (16.4) 44 (15.1) 40 (13.7)
 Born outside Canada 114 (38.9) 109 (37.2) 119 (40.9) 114 (39.2)
  Immigrant 97 (33.1) 93 (31.7) 98 (33.7) 99 (34)
  Refugee 17 (5.8) 16 (5.5) 21 (7.2) 15 (5.2)
 Recenta immigrant or refugee 64 (22) 52 (17.9) 67 (23.3) 72 (24.8)
Edmonton residence
 Northcentral 161 (54.9) 173 (59) 156 (53.6) 177 (60.8)
 Northwest 13 (4.4) 16 (5.5) 14 (4.8) 9 (3.1)
 West 34 (11.6) 31 (10.6) 31 (10.7) 24 (8.2)
 Southwest 34 (11.6) 31 (10.6) 34 (11.7) 30 (10.3)
 Southeast 51 (17.4) 42 (14.3) 56 (19.2) 51 (17.5)
Number of residence relocations in the last year 0 (0,1) 0 (0,1) 0 (0,1) 0 (0,1)
Education
 University 61 (20.8) 57 (19.6) 71 (24.4) 73 (25.2)
 College 59 (20.1) 58 (19.9) 63 (21.6) 60 (20.7)
 Secondary school 117 (39.9) 117 (40.2) 102 (35.1) 101 (34.8)
 Less than secondary school 56 (19.1) 59 (20.3) 55 (18.9) 56 (19.3)
Employment
 Income support 96 (32.8) 95 (32.4) 97 (33.3) 95 (32.6)
 Working currently 153 (52.2) 141 (48.1) 134 (46.4) 124 (42.6)
Income – after tax
 Income, $1000 CAD 21.8 (14,30.7) 23.05 (15.8,30.9) 22.5 (15.1,32.25) 21 (15,33.1)
 Household depth of poverty 73.09 (50.78,105.23) 77.85 (56.72,104.18) 74.78 (56.69,105.28) 73.4 (53.6,102.99)
Baseline linkages (28–day rate) 1.22 (0.51,2.63) 1.68 (0.78,3.00) 1.35 (0.60,2.73) 1.62 (0.70,3.00)
  1. Counts (percentages) or medians (interquartile ranges), as appropriate. EQ-VAS EuroQol visual analog scale, CAD Canadian dollars
  2. aIn the last 5 years