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Table 1 Content and behaviour change techniques (BCT) of the Step It Up very brief intervention

From: Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a very brief physical activity intervention delivered in NHS Health Checks (VBI Trial): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Content of the face-to-face discussion BCTsa included in the face-to-face discussion
Practitioner Target behaviour: physical activity
 • Gives verbal feedback on current PA and informs the participant of whether they are meeting the PA recommendations  1.1 Goal setting (behaviour)
 • Asks the participant if they are aware of the Chief Medical Officer’s PA recommendations and informs them that the recommendations are for a minimum of 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on 5 or more days of the week, and emphasises that moderate PA is any activity that raises heart rate, breathing or sweating and includes the activities of daily living  1.4 Action Planning
 • Explains the 10,000 steps per day recommendation  2.2 Feedback on behaviour
 • Shows the participant how to use the pedometer, and encourages them to use it to monitor daily steps  2.3 Self-monitoring of behaviour
 • Shows the participant the Step Chart and encourages them to use it to set a daily step goal (starting with a smaller goal) and record daily steps  8.7 Graded tasks
 • Explains that the Step It Up Booklet contains information about the health, social, environmental and emotional benefits of PA; tips for how to increase daily steps by making small changes; and information about other helpful resources.  12.5 Adding objects to the environment
Target behaviour: Self-monitoring
 4.1 Instruction on how to perform the behaviour
Content of participant materials BCTsa included in the participant materials
Step It Up Booklet containing Target behaviour: physical activity
 • Written feedback on current PA.  1.1 Goal setting (behaviour)
 • Information on PA recommendations (30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on 5 or more days a week; 10,000 steps per day).  1.4 Action Planning
 • Instructions on how to use the pedometer and how to self-monitor daily steps.  2.2 Feedback on behaviour
 • Information about the health, social, environmental and emotional benefits of PA.  2.3 Self-monitoring of behaviour
 • Advice about setting a smaller step goal at first and gradually increasing the goal over time.  5.1 Information about health consequences
 • Tips for how to increase daily steps by making small changes.  5.3 Information about social and environmental consequences
 • Information about other helpful online resources (e.g. where to download a pedometer app, a website to find a local walking group).  5.6 Information about emotional consequences
Step Chart  8.7 Graded tasks
 • Chart for setting step goals and monitoring daily steps. Target behaviour: Self-monitoring
Pedometer  
 • A Yamax Digiwalker SW200.  4.1 Instruction on how to perform the behaviour
  1. aNumbering refers to the Behaviour Change Technique Taxonomy v1 [17]
  2. PA physical activity