Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of study participants

From: Beneficial effect of xylose consumption on postprandial hyperglycemia in Korean: a randomized double-blind, crossover design

  Normal subjects
(n = 25)
Hyperglycemic subjects
(n = 50)
p-value
n (male/female) (13/12) (35/15)  
Age (years) 28.2 ± 1.12 50.1 ± 1.80 <0.0001
Weight (kg) 69.5 ± 2.83 67.7 ± 1.48 0.053
BMI (kg/m2) 23.8 ± 0.72 24.4 ± 0.46 0.453
Body fat (%)a 25.1 ± 1.24 25.0 ± 1.07 0.742
Lean body mass (kg)a 52.1 ± 2.29 50.6 ± 1.18 0.672
Blood pressure (mmHg)  
 Systolic BP 119.2 ± 3.45 122.0 ± 2.08 0.470
 Diastolic BPa 72.1 ± 2.38 74.4 ± 1.42 0.315
Lipids parameters
 TG (mg/dL)a 92.3 ± 8.95 133.1 ± 11.58 0.010
 T chol (mg/dL) 182.8 ± 6.32 196.4 ± 4.33 0.077
 HDL chol (mg/dL) 57.4 ± 1.91 53.5 ± 1.43 0.108
 LDL chol (mg/dL) 106.9 ± 5.26 116.5 ± 3.92 0.155
 Apo A-I (mg/dL) 156.1 ± 3.52 149.7 ± 3.03 0.204
 Apo B (mg/dL)a 90.5 ± 5.12 105.5 ± 3.19 0.014
Dietary intake and total energy expenditure
 TEE (kcal/d) 2437 ± 70.8 2281 ± 37.5 0.036
 TCI (kcal/d) 2315 ± 70.7 2272 ± 36.5 0.547
 Carbohydrate (%) 61.7 ± 0.16 61.6 ± 0.11 0.558
 Protein (%) 15.9 ± 0.08 15.9 ± 0.05 0.697
 Fat (%) 23.1 ± 0.20 23.0 ± 0.15 0.812
 Cholesterol (mg) 188 ± 0.50 186 ± 0.70 0.130
  1. Mean ± SEM
  2. aAnalyzed after log transformation; tested by Student t-test