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Table 1 Quadriceps strengthening exercises

From: The effects of a strength and neuromuscular exercise programme for the lower extremity on knee load, pain and function in obese children and adolescents: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Exercise
1. Straight leg raise in supine position, raise leg to 30° of hip flexion using resistance from ankle weights
2. Small arc knee extension with a roll under the knee using resistance from ankle weights
3. Full knee extension in sitting position starting from 90° of knee flexion using resistance from ankle weights
4. Small arc squats (from full extension to 30° of knee flexion) on both legs with a ball placed against a wall using two dumbbells, one in each hand
5. Small arc squats (between 40° and 90° of knee flexion) on both legs with a ball placed against a wall using two dumbbells, one in each hand
6. Step up on a ‘stepper’ (height: 30 cm)