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Table 7 Intervention effects on anthropometric indicators and nutrient intake from baseline to 6 months (n = 63)

From: A cluster randomised feasibility trial evaluating nutritional interventions in the treatment of malnutrition in care home adult residents

Outcome SC (n = 19) FB (n = 23) ONS (n = 21) SC versus FB SC versus ONS FB versus ONS
    (MD) [95 % CI] (MD) [95 % CI] (MD) [95 % CI]
Weight change (kg) Weighed (n = 19) Weighed (n = 23) Weighed n = 21) −1.4 [−3.6, 0.73] −1.4 [−3.3, 0.51]   
−0.57 (3.5) 0.87 (3.4) 0.84 (2.5)       
BMI change (kg/m2) −0.16 (1.3) 0.33 (1.3) 0.34 (1.1) −0.49 [−1.3, 0.35] −0.50 [−1.3, 0.27]   
MAC change (cm) Measured(n = 13) Measured (n = 19) Measured(n = 1) −0.67 [−1.68, 0.34] −0.82 [−2.2, 0.59]   
−0.96 (1.6) −0.29 (1.2) −0.14 (2.1)       
TSF change (mm) Measured(n = 11) Measured (n = 16) Measured(n = 1) 0.03 [−2.2, 2.26] −0.97 [−3.8, 1.86]   
0.68 (2.6) 0.66 (2.9) 1.65 (4.0)       
MAMC change n = 11 n = 15 n = 14 −0.68 [−1.58, 0.22] −0.71 [−1.90, 0.33]   
−1.08 (1.1) −0.40 (1.1) −0.29 (1.5)       
HgD change (kg) Measured (n = 6) Measured (n = 11) Measured(n = 6) 2.2 [−0.50, 4.9] 2.2 [−0.61, 4.9]   
1.8 (2.2) −0.42 (2.6) −0.35 (2.1)       
Change in energy intake (kcal) Available(n = 17) Available (n = 23) Available(n = 2) −255 [−401, −109] −400 [−577, −223] −145 [−319,29.1]
−50.9 (183) 204 (251) 349 (319)       
Change in protein intake (g) Available(n = 17) Available (n = 23) Available(n = 2)   Mann–Whitney   Mann–Whitney   
1.0 (−3.5 - 4.5) 3.0 (−10 - 6) 9.0 (2–26.5)   U = 175   U = 68.5   
Change in fluid intake (ml) Available(n = 17) Available (n = 23) Available(n = 2) −79 [−219, 60.9] −104 [−242, 34.5]   
120 (223) 199 (210) 224 (196)       
  1. MD mean difference, SC standard care, FB food-based, ONS oral nutritional supplements, BMI body mass index, MAC mid-upper arm circumference, TSF tricep skinfold thickness, MAMC mid-arm muscle circumference, HgD handgrip dynamometer
  2. Normal data is presented as Mean change (standard deviation), otherwise is Median change (interquartile range) (indicated by *). The mean difference (MD) between each dietetic-led intervention arm (FB and ONS) and the SC arm has been calculated for normal data alongside 95 % confidence intervals (CIs), otherwise the Mann–Whitney U Test (indicated by **) has been used. Where sensitivity to change is suggested by the CI, the MD between the FB and ONS arms has then been calculated (final column)