Skip to main content

Table 6 Intervention effects on anthropometric indicators and nutrient intake from baseline to 3 months (n = 67)

From: A cluster randomised feasibility trial evaluating nutritional interventions in the treatment of malnutrition in care home adult residents

Outcome SC (n = 19) FB (n = 27) ONS (n = 21) SC versus FB SC versus ONS FB versus ONS
    (MD) [95 % CI] (MD) [95 % CI] (MD) [95 % CI]
Weight change (kg) Weighed (n = 19) Weighed (n = 27) Weighed (n = 21) −1.9 [−3.6, −0.23] −2.3 [−4.3, −0.40] −0.4 [−1.9, 1.1]
−1.5 (3.3) 0.42 (2.4) 0.82 (2.7)       
BMI change (kg/m2) −0.55 (1.2) 0.16 (1.0) 0.33 (1.2) −0.7 [−1.4, −0.06] −0.88 [−1.65, −0.11] −0.17 [−0.79, 0.44]
MAC change (cm) Measured(n = 13) Measured (n = 24) Measured(n = 18) −0.77 [−1.7, 0.14] −0.67 [−1.9, 0.57]   
−1.06 (1.5) −0.29 (1.2) −0.39 (1.8)       
TSF change (mm) Measured(n = 11) Measured (n = 19) Measured(n = 15) 1.15 [−0.26, 2.6] −0.77 [−2.9, 1.38]   
0.86 (1.5) −0.29 (2.0) 1.6 (3.6)       
MAMC change n = 10 n = 19 n = 16 −1.17 [−2.2, −0.14] −0.71 [−1.44, 0.02]   
−1.36 (0.8) −0.18 (1.5) −0.65 (0.9)       
HgD change (kg) Measured (n = 7) Measured (n = 17) Measured (n = 6) 0.97 [−1.9, 3.9] 1.62 [−1.34, 4.65]   
0.16 (2.4) −0.82 (3.4) −1.5 (2.5)       
Change in energy intake (kcal) Available(n = 18) Available (n = 27) Available(n = 21) −380 [−550, −226] −479 [−697, −263] −99 [−281, 83]
−103 (275) 277 (250) 376 (375)       
Change in protein intake (g) Available(n = 18) Available (n = 27) Available(n = 21) −2.3 [−8.9, 4.3] −16 [−226, −9.4]   
0.72 (6.5) 3 (12.9) 16.7 (12.5)       
Change in fluid intake (ml) Available(n = 18) Available (n = 27) Available(n = 21)   Mann–Whitney   Mann–Whitney   
400 (100–500)* 100 (−20 - 400)* 250 (112.5 - 250)*   U = 164**   U = 110**   
  1. MD mean difference, SC standard care, FB food-based, ONS oral nutritional supplements, BMI body mass index, MAC mid-upper arm circumference, TSF tricep skinfold thickness, MAMC mid-arm muscle circumference, HgD handgrip dynamometer
  2. Normal data is presented as Mean change (standard deviation), otherwise is Median change (interquartile range) (indicated by *). The mean difference (MD) between each dietetic-led intervention arm (FB and ONS) and the SC arm has been calculated for normal data alongside 95 % confidence intervals (CIs), otherwise the Mann–Whitney U Test (indicated by **) has been used. Where sensitivity to change is suggested by the CI, the MD between the FB and ONS arms has then been calculated (final column)