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Table 4 Demographic and clinical characteristics of residents at baseline (n = 93)

From: A cluster randomised feasibility trial evaluating nutritional interventions in the treatment of malnutrition in care home adult residents

  SC (n = 32) FB (n = 32) ONS (n = 29)
Gender    
Male 5 6 6
Female 27 26 23
Capacity 5 4 7
Diagnosed dementia 25 25 20
Diagnosed dysphagia 7 4 7
Risk of re-feeding 3 0 4
Malnutrition risk    
High risk 20 11 19
Medium risk 12 20 9
Weight (kg)* Weighed (n = 31) Weighed (n = 32) Weighed (n = 29)
48.6 (9.1) 55.9 (1.8) 48.2 (10.9)
BMI (kg/m2)** 19 (17.0-20.5) 20.1 (18.7-24.8) 18.4 (17.6-21.6)
MAC (cm) Measured (n = 27) Measured (n = 28) Measured (n = 25)
21.9 (2.7) 23 (2.5) 22 (3.0)
TSF (mm)* Measured (n = 24) Measured (n = 22) Measured (n = 23)
9.3 (2.8) 13.2 (5.6) 8.4 (3.1)
MAMC (cm)* n = 24 n = 22 n = 23
18.9 (2.5) 18.9 (1.7) 18.5 (2.5)
HGD (kg)** Measured (n = 14) Measured (n = 22) Measured (n = 13)
5.65 (3.9-8.3) 6.9 (4.0-11.5) 5.6 (3.2-10.3)
Energy Intake (kcal)* Available (n = 29) Available (n = 31) Available (n = 27)
1553 (470) 1916 (496) 1535 (562)
Protein Intake (g)* Available (n = 29) Available (n = 31) Available (n = 27)
41 (14.6) 78 (22) 54 (20)
Fluid Intake (ml)* Available (n = 27) Available (n = 31) Available (n = 27)
1109 (237) 1332 (310) 1037 (260)
COOP QoL score** n = 3 n = 2 n = 6
5 (5–7) 4 (2–6) 5.5 (4–6)
EQ5D VAS* n = 3 n = 2 n = 6
53 (16) 70 (28) 61 (21)
EQ5D index value* n = 3 n = 2 n = 6
−0.16 (0.38) 0.15 (0.28) 0.33 (0.33)
Hunger* n = 3 n = 2 n = 6
4 (3) 5 (7) 4 (4)
Appetite* n = 3 n = 2 n = 6
6 (4) 5.5 (6) 5 (4)
Dietary Satisfaction* n = 3 n = 2 n = 6
9 (0.6) 8.5 (2) 8.5 (2)
Pleasantness of meals* n = 3 n = 2 n = 6
9 (1) 6 (4) 6 (3)
Pleasantness of snacks* n = 3 n = 2 n = 6
7(1.5) 8(1.4) 6(4)
Pleasantness of drinks** n = 3 n = 2 n = 6
9(8–10) 9(9–9) 10(8–10)
  1. SC standard care, FB food-based, ONS oral nutritional supplements, QoL quality of life, VAS visual analogue scale. The number of residents included is indicated for each characteristic *Mean (standard deviation) **Median (interquartile range). EQ-5D index value ranges from −0.59 to 1, with higher scores corresponding to a better health state. COOP score ranges from 1 to 10, with higher scores corresponding to a better QoL