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Table 2 Survey of the intraoperative dosimeter setup

From: Surgeon, staff, and patient radiation exposure in minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: impact of 3D fluoroscopy-based navigation partially replacing conventional fluoroscopy: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

  Location Dosimeter type Dosimeter lead protected?
Surgeon Left ring finger Ring dosimeter Unprotected
  Right ring finger Ring dosimeter Unprotected
  Middle forehead Eye lens dosimeter Unprotected
  Under lead goggles (left glass) Eye lens dosimeter Protected
  Thyroid gland, above lead shield Film dosimeter Unprotected
  Thyroid gland, under lead shield Film dosimeter Protected
  Left chest, above lead apron Film dosimeter Unprotected
  Left chest, under lead apron Film dosimeter Protected
  Gonad, under lead apron Film dosimeter Protected
  Right knee, under lead apron Film dosimeter Protected
  Back, between shoulder blades, above lead apron Film dosimeter Unprotected
Assistant surgeon Middle forehead Eye lens dosimeter Unprotected
  Left chest, above lead apron Film dosimeter Unprotected
  Left chest, under lead apron Film dosimeter Protected
Scrub nurse Middle forehead Eye lens dosimeter Unprotected
  Left chest, above lead apron Film dosimeter Unprotected
  Left chest, under lead apron Film dosimeter Protected
Anesthetist Left chest, above lead apron Film dosimeter Unprotected
  Left chest, under lead apron Film dosimeter Protected
Patient Thyroid gland Film dosimeter Unprotected
  Chest Film dosimeter Unprotected
  Gonad Film dosimeter Unprotected
C-arm Next to generator EPD Unprotected
  Next to generator Film dosimetera Unprotected
  Next to flat panel detector Film dosimetera Unprotected
  1. aFilm dosimeters on the C-arm are removed during the three-dimensional (3D) scan (NAV group, three-dimensional fluoroscopy-based navigation group) since the staff is outside the operating room during the 3D scan. EPD, electronic personal dosimeter.