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Table 1 Principle inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Vertebroplasty for acute painful osteoporotic fractures (VAPOUR): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Age >60 Inability to provide informed consent
Pain from one or two acute vertebral fractures Chronic back pain requiring narcotic analgesia
MRI or SPECT-CT obtained within previous week Presence of sciatica
Duration of fracture pain <6 weeks Significant retropulsion into spinal canal
Pain >7/10 on numeric scale Evidence of spinal malignancy
Patient can speak English Active systemic infection