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Table 2 Basic therapies

From: Short-term study on risk-benefit outcomes of two spinal manipulative therapies in the treatment of acute radiculopathy caused by lumbar disc herniation: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Basic therapies Direction for use
Bed rest Stay in bed for 18 to 20 hours per day including sleeping time.
Dehydration 20% Mannitol injection, 250 ml, VD within 30 min, once a day for the first 5 days.
NSAID After each SM therapy, the patient will be given 500 mg Paracetamol orally for 2 days (b.i.d.) in order to reduce the adverse regional irritation caused by SM.
Regional fomentation Low back fomentation is applied with a hot pack of Chinese herbs* for 20 minutes, twice per day during the observation period.
Walking exercise Patient could take a walking exercise with the assistance of a wheeled walker aid if no serious pain has been induced. The walking time should be limited to less than 20 minutes each time and to three times a day.
  1. NSAID, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug; SM, spinal manipulation.
  2. *The hot pack is filled with more than ten types of Chinese herbs and is produced by the hospital. It has been successfully applied for LDH patients in the hospital for more than 40 years.