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Table 8 Characteristics of participants who were interviewed at the end of the study

From: Lessons learned from recruiting socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers into a pilot randomized controlled trial to explore the role of Exercise Assisted Reduction then Stop (EARS) smoking

  Control (N = 10) (20% of sample) Intervention (N = 15) (30% of initial sample)
Demographics   
Age (years); mean, (SD)) 46 (11) 52 (11)
Gender (m:f) 5:5 8:7
Job statusa; n (%)   
A1 to C1 0 (0) 0 (0)
C2 to E (excluding unemployed) 5 (50) 9 (60)
Unemployed 5 (50) 6 (40)
Single parenthood; n (%) 1 (10) 0 (0)
Baseline data   
Smoking characteristics   
Tobacco (grams/day); mean (SD) 17.4 (8.7) 18.4 (12.5)
FTND; mean (SD) 5.3 (1.9) 4.9 (1.7)
Self-reported MVPA (minutes/week); mean (SD) 595 (757) 401 (644)
Self-reported MVPA (minutes/week); Range; n (%)   
0 2 (20) 4 (27)
1 - 499 4 (40) 9 (60)
500 - 1999 3 (30) 1 (7)
2000+ 1 (10) 1 (7)
Quit attempt in past year; n (%) 5 (50) 5 (33)
Outcomes   
Quit attempt made; n (%) 0 (0) 5 (33)
Four-week CO confirmed abstinence; n (%) n/a 4 (80)
>50% reduction in smoking; n (%) 2 (20) 4 (>33)*
No change in smoking; n (%) 8 (80) 4 (>26)*
Recruitment   
Avenue (GP:SSS:community); n (%) 5:5:0 (50:50:0) 7:6:2 (47:40:13)
Type (letter:telephone:other); n (%) 7:3:0 (70:30:0) 6:7:2 (40:47:13)
  1. aJob status from NRS social grades, UK.
  2. *no data on 50% reduction for three participants. CO: Carbon monoxide; FTND: Fagerström test for nicotine dependence; ppm: Parts per million; MVPA: Moderate and vigorous physical activity; SD: Standard deviation.