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Table 6 Physical activity and leisure activities assessed at baseline and at the end of the study in the intervention and control groups

From: A primary-school-based study to reduce the prevalence of childhood obesity – the EdAl (Educació en Alimentació) study: a randomized controlled trial

  Intervention group Control group  
Baseline (%) End of study (%) P value Baseline (%) End of study (%) P value Intervention vs control ( P value)
Television and/or video games  
0–1 hours/day 7.9 6.8   8.2 9.4   
1–2 hours/day 42.4 40.5   46.0 42.8   
2–3 hours/day 33.3 34.1   33.3 32.1   
3–4 hours/day 10.4 12.7   7.7 11.1   
4–5 hours/day 3.9 3.5   3.8 3.4   
>5 hours/day 1.9 2.5 0.06 1.1 1.3 0.39 0.59
After-school physical activity
0–1 hours/week 24.9 18.8   21.2 20.8   
1–2 hours/week 9.3 11.4   10.2 9.6   
2–3 hours/week 25.2 20.8   24.4 22.1   
3–4 hours/week 17.9 16.4   19.5 18.8   
4–5 hours/week 11.2 12.9   11.0 14.1   
>5 hours/week 11.4 19.7 <0.001 13.2 14.6 0.21 0.02
Leisure-time activity  
Park or garden, daily 61.4 62.7 0.63 61.7 64.6 0.24 0.52
Park or garden, weekend 52.9 52.6 0.94 44.2 45.9 0.44 0.51
Sport with father >3 hours/week 29.5 35.1 <0.001 34.4 36.5 0.01 0.47
Sport with mother (>3 hours/week 22.1 26.1 <0.001 26.3 28.9 0.06 0.43
  1. The AVall Questionnaire is about lifestyles, and includes hours of television watched, physical activity after school and leisure-time activities [22]. This questionnaire was filled in by parents twice during the study (at baseline and at the end of the study).