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Table 1 Oesophageal cancer studies ( n= 56) using validated PROMs ( n= 21)

From: Developing core outcomes sets: methods for identifying and including patient-reported outcomes (PROs)

  n (%)
Study design RCT 4 (7)
  Longitudinal 25 (45)
  Cross-sectional 27 (48)
Publication year <1995 1 (2)
  1995-1999 6 (11)
  2000-2004 12 (21)
  2005-2009 26 (46)
  2010-2011 11 (20)
Primary outcome    
  Clinical measure (for example, morbidity, mortality) 2 (4)
PRO (for example, HRQL, symptoms) 40 (7)
Undefined/both clinical & PRO 14 (25)
  Studies using PROM (n) PROM scales and single items (n)
PROM QLQ-C30 34 15
QLQ-OES18 19 10
SF36 12 8
QLQ-OES24 8 11
GIQLI 3 5
FACT-E 3 5
Adapted RSCL 4 4/5a
QLQ-C36 2 18
GERD-HRQL 1 2
DAUGS32 1 7
LAGS 1 3
RSCL 1 3
Adapted RSCL 1 5
PNPC 1 9
WOCS 1 1
MOS SF20 1 6
PAIS 1 7
POMS 1 6
HADS 1 2
EQOLb 0 5
QLQ-OG25b 0 16
  1. aOne study used an adapted version with an additional scale [56].
  2. bSourced from authors’ knowledge; PROM yet to be used in a published study at the time of the conducted search.
  3. DAUGS: Dysfunction After Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery; EQOL: Esophageal Quality of Life Questionnaire; FACT-E: Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Esophageal; GERD-HRQL: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease-Health Related Quality of Life; GIQLI: Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index; HADS: Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale; HRQL: Health-related Quality of Life; LAGS: Life After Gastric Surgery index; MOS: Medical Outcomes Study; OES: Oesophageal; OG: Oesophagogastric; PAIS: Psychosocial Adjustment to Iillness Scale; POMS: Profile of Moods States; PNPC: Problems and Needs in Palliative Care; QLQ: Quality of Life Qquestionnaire; RCT: Randomised controlled trial; RSCL: Rotterdam Symptom Checklist; SF36: Short form 36; WOCS: Worry of Cancer scale.