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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria for participants

From: Parenteral nutrition at the palliative phase of advanced cancer: the ALIM-K study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Adult patients (aged >18 years) with cancer at the palliative stage Any disorder preventing oral ingestion (cancer of the upper aerodigestive tract, esophagus, or stomach)
Specific curative treatment discontinued or still ongoing but with little expected benefit in terms of overall survival Nonfunctional digestive tract
Life expectancy greater than 2 months Symptomatic peritoneal carcinosis
Malnutrition defined as Body Mass Index <18.5 kg/m2 if age <70 years, <21 kg/m2 if age ≥70 years; or weight loss of 2% in 1 week, or 5% in 1 month, or 10% in 6 months Hematologic malignancies
Patient no longer experiences a sensation of hunger Myocardial infarction or stroke in the previous 6 months
Patient has lost appetite Acute renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance < 30 ml/min) or heart failure (left ventricular ejection fraction <30%)
Patient has reduced food intake Parenteral nutrition ongoing or dating from <1 month
Functional central venous catheter in place Presence of gastrostomy or jejunostomy
Functional digestive tract Persisting sensation of hunger
Patient able to understand and speak French  
  Inability to complete quality-of-life questionnaires (due to psychiatric disorders, attention disorders, or cognitive disorders).
  Patients participating in another ongoing trial
  Adult patients under legal guardianship