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Table 2 Exclusion criteria a

From: Comparison of complementary and alternative medicine with conventional mind–body therapies for chronic back pain: protocol for the Mind–body Approaches to Pain (MAP) randomized controlled trial

Exclusion criteria Rationales Sources
Patient claims visit was not for low back pain Study restricted to low back pain TI
Low back pain has lasted <3 months Low back pain not chronic TI
Self-rated bothersomeness of pain rating of <4 (on 0 to 10 scale) and pain interference with activities rating <3 (on 0 to 10 scale) during previous week Back pain too mild to detect improvement TI
Abdominal aneurysm Back pain due to or possibly result of specific disease or condition A
Cancer in previous 5 years, other than basal cell or squamous cell cancer of the skin   A, TI
Discitis   A
Degenerative disc disease   A
Fracture of vertebra   A, TI
Infectious cause of back pain   TI
Pregnancy   TI
Scoliosis, severe or progressive   A, TI
Spinal stenosis   A, TI
Spondylolisthesis   A, TI
Back surgery within previous 2 years Back problem is complicated by medical or medicolegal issues TI
Seeking or receiving compensation for back pain or involved in litigation related to back pain
Blindness Condition might make it difficult to attend the classes or practice at home A
Deafness   A
No way to play home practice audio recordings at home   TI
Paralysis   A
Psychoses, major   A, TI
Schedules do not permit participation in classes or home practice (including planning to move out of town)   TI
Vision problems, severe   TI
Hearing problems, severe   TI
Lack of transportation   TI
Fibromyalgia Condition or circumstance might confound treatment effects or interpretation of data TI
Rheumatoid arthritis and/or anklyosing spondylitis   A, TI
Other disabling chronic conditions (for example, disabling heart or lung disease, diabetic neuropathy, receiving treatment for hepatitis)   TI
Planning on seeing a specialist for back pain (for example, surgeon, neurologist, rheumatologist)   TI
Dementia Condition would make it difficult to provide fully informed consent A
Unable to read or speak English   TI
Currently taking a mind–body class for back pain or class taken within previous 1 year Possible bias due to current or recent interventions TI
  1. aA, Automated data gathered from visits; TI, Telephone interview.