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Table 2 Daily intake of macronutrients, micronutrients, fiber, glycemic load and index, cholesterol and water, as calculated from seven-day menu plans

From: A healthy diet with and without cereal grains and dairy products in patients with type 2 diabetes: study protocol for a random-order cross-over pilot study - Alimentation and Diabetes in Lanzarote -ADILAN

  Diet P- valuea
Healthy diet A Healthy diet B
Energy
(kcal) 2,031 (142.3) 2,002 (59.5) 0.6
(MJ) 8.5 (0.6) 8.4 (0.2) 0.6
Protein
g 97.2 (7.6) 93.0 (4.2) 0.2
E% 19.0 (1.8) 18.3 (1.2) 0.4
Carbohydrates
g 245.7 (18.3) 236.7 (8.4) 0.8
E% 53.0 (3.4) 53.4 (1.5) 0.8
Fiber (g) 48.5 (10.3) 53.1 (5.7) 0.3
Glycemic load (g) 116.1 (8.0) 118.0 (11.9) 0.7
Glycemic index 47.4 (1.2) 49.8 (4.7) 0.2
Total fat (g)
g 63.6 (12.8) 62.8 (6.9) 0.89
E% 27.6 (4.6) 27.8 (2.4) 0.95
Fatty acids
Saturated (g) 13.3 (5.2) 10.9 (2.0) 0.3
Monounsaturated (g) 30.8 (5.7) 32.1 (4.2) 0.6
Polyunsaturated (g) 10.9 (3.0) 12.5 (2.7) 0.3
Cholesterol (mg) 257.4 (106.1) 271.4 (80.1) 0.8
Water (g) 1,395.3 (296.2) 1,708.9 (240.7) 0.05
Calcium (mg) 978.3 (123.9) 591.4 (88.6) < 0.0001
Iron (mg) 19.9 (2.8) 18.5 (2.3) 0.3
Iodine (μg) 101.7 (27.8) 143.9 (68.1) 0.15
Magnesium (mg) 570.6 (70.7) 468.6 (49.3) 0.009
Zinc (mg) 13.6 (1.8) 9.9 (2.3) 0.006
Selenium (μg) 155.7 (23.4) 126.3 (28.8) 0.057
Sodium (mg) 1,811.9 (733.9) 1,079.3 (440.7) 0.042
Potassium (mg) 3,556.0 (305.5) 6,392.9 (575.4) 0.001
Vitamin B1 (mg) 2.2 (0.3) 1.8 (0.2) 0.004
Vitamin B2 (mg) 2.2 (0.3) 1.6 (0.2) 0.001
Vitamin B3 (mg) 45.0 (5.7) 49.0 (6.9) 0.27
Vitamin B6 (mg) 2.6 (0.6) 4.2 (0.8) 0.001
Folic acid (μg) 427.6 (133.5) 506.3 (179.3) 0.37
Vitamin B12 (μg) 6.0 (1.3) 8.6 (6.3) 0.38
Vitamin C (mg) 170.1 (46.9) 434.4 (163.5) < 0.0001
Beta-carotene (μg) 4,233.7 (1494.5) 17,194.1 (6085.9) < 0.0001
Vitamin A (μg) 986.3 (582.8) 3,021.1 (1027.1) 0.001
Vitamin D (μg) 5.2 (3.6) 4.8 (3.2) 0.96
Vitamin E (mg) 13.0 (5.9) 23.7 (7.4) 0.01
  1. Values are mean (SD).
  2. a t-test, except for carbohydrate (grams), potassium and vitamin B12 (Mann–Whitney U-test).