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Table 7 Cohort B: use of statistical testing to support claims of effectiveness in trial reports

From: “Spin” in wound care research: the reporting and interpretation of randomized controlled trials with statistically non-significant primary outcome results or unspecified primary outcomes

  Abstract results section
Claim effectiveness in abstract? No reference to statistical significance (n =16 including 3 with no abstract) SNS only (n = 5) SS only (n = 15) SS and SNS (n = 7)
Yes (n = 37; 86%) 32% (12) 8% (3) 41% (15) 19% (7)
No (n = 3; 7%) 33% (1) 67% (2) 0% (0) 0% (0)
No Abstract (n = 3; 7%) 100% (3) 0% (0) 0% (0) 0% (0)
  1. SNS, statistically non-significant; SS, statistically significant.