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Table 2 TCM rehabilitation based on syndrome using appropriate technology

From: Rehabilitation for the management of knee osteoarthritis using comprehensive traditional Chinese medicine in community health centers: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Symptom TCM rehabilitation treatment
Diagnosis of KOA and inclusion and exclusion criteria Basic rehabilitation: Chinese medical herb fumigation-washing + traditional exercises (developed from simplified t’ai chi and yi jinjing)
Swelling (mild to moderate by knee girth) Basic rehabilitation + bloodletting by puncturing and cupping
Weak muscle strength (over 3 degrees by MMT) Basic rehabilitation + tuina
Pain (over 5 by VAS) Basic rehabilitation + acupuncture