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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants

From: Effectiveness of scalpel debridement for painful plantar calluses in older people: a randomized trial

Characteristic at baseline Real debridement Sham debridement
n= 41 n= 39
Age, years 71.8 (5.5) 73.3 (5.4)
Number of women (%) 30 (73%) 20 (51%)
Weight, kg 74.4 (13.4) 79.6 (14.8)
Height, m 1.64 (0.08) 1.66 (0.11)
Body mass index, kg/m2 27.9 (4.7) 29.2 (4.1)
Heel height of shoe, mm 15.1 (6.5) 14.1 (6.8)
Hallux valgus, measured using the Manchester Scale [37] 1 (0 to 3) 1 (0 to 3)
Median toe deformities (range) 1 (1 to 2) 1 (1 to 2)
Pain at callus site, mm on a visual analogue scale 54.6 (21.0) 47.9 (20.8)
Peak plantar pressure, kg/cm2 2.15 (0.48) 2.39 (0.42)
Maximum balance range, cm 12.0 (4.1) 11.1(2.8)
Sit-to-stand time, s 14.2 (4.6) 14.5 (4.6)
Alternate step time, s 13.7 (4.4) 13.5 (3.8)
6-m walking time, s 6.1 (1.6) 6.7 (1.6)
  1. Values are means (SD), unless stated otherwise.