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Table 1 Effects of dietary interventions on weight change and abstinence during smoking cessation

From: Slimming World in Stop Smoking Services (SWISSS): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Intervention compared to standard smoking cessation Mean difference in weight change (kg (95% CI)) Abstinence (RR (95% CI))
End of treatment At 12 months End of treatment At 12 months
General lifestyle and calorie reducing dietary advice −0.04 (−0.57, 0.50) −0.21 (−2.28, 1.86) 0.90 (0.76, 1.06) 0.66 (0.48, 0.90)
Individually tailored dietary and lifestyle advice −1.11 (−1.93, −0.29) −2.58 (−5.11, −0.05) 1.11 (0.84, 1.46) 0.74 (0.39, 1.43)
  1. CI, confidence interval; RR, risk ratio.