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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: The Patient Deficit Model Overturned: a qualitative study of patients' perceptions of invitation to participate in a randomized controlled trial comparing selective bladder preservation against surgery in muscle invasive bladder cancer (SPARE, CRUK/07/011)

  Accepters (n = 12) Decliners (n = 10) Accepters/Decliners (n = 2)
Mean age (yrs) 65 (SD 5.6) 71 (SD 5.7) 74 (SD 2.8)
No. males 11 (92%) 7 (70%) 1
Married/Cohabiting 11 (92%) 9 (90%) 1
Upper socio-economic status 9 (75%) 9 (90%) 0
  1. Socioeconomic status is defined according to Office of National Statistics (UK) categories: 1, 2, 3 NM = non-manual, skilled jobs (Upper Socio Economic Status); 3, 4, 5 M = manual, unskilled jobs. Retired and unemployed are categorized as “previous employment” or, when “no job,” are categorized by employment of head of household.