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Table 1 Patient inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Efficacy of moxibustion for pre- or stage I hypertension: study protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
1. Aged between 19 and 65 years 1. Taking medications to control blood pressure
2. Pre- or stage 1 hypertension (JNC 7) 2. Secondary hypertension
  -Systolic blood pressure between 120 and 159 mmHg 3. History of cerebrovascular disease, cardiovascular disease, malignant tumors, kidney diseases, liver diseases, thyroid gland diseases, active tuberculosis, or other infectious diseases
  - Diastolic blood pressure between 80 and 99 mmHg 4. Diabetic patients taking insulin or anti-diabetic medications
3. The participants are volunteers and written consent obtained 5. Drug or alcohol dependence
   6. Taking hemorrhagic disease and anticoagulation medications (excluding aspirin)
   7. Receiving systemic steroid therapy or immunosuppressive therapy
   8. Taking medications that could affect blood pressure such as central nervous system depressants or stimulants
   9. Pregnancy or the possibility of pregnancy
   10. Hypersensitivity reactions following moxibustion therapy
   11. Received oriental medicine treatment related to hypertension in the past month
   12. Participants deemed unsuitable for the trial, as judged by the person in charge of the clinical trial.