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Table 2 Behavior change techniques (BCTs) used in the physical activity (PA) consultations

From: Physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation during pregnancy (LEAP) trial: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Week Session number Session content BCTs used (Michie categoriesa)
1 Session 1 (one week before quit day) Review current PA and discuss PA benefits 1, 2
Explain and demonstrate use of treadmill and pedometer 7, 21, 22, 26
Check PA confidence levels using scaling questions 16
All sessions:  
Agree PA goals 10
Provide weekly PA and step-count diaries 16
Allow time for questions, summarize, use reflective listening, elicit participant’s views, build a general rapport
Give praise for effort and for achieving PA goals 12, 13
1 Session 2 Review PA goals and effect of PA on cravings 7, 9, 10
Complete cost-benefit analysis for increasing PA 2
Identify PA barriers and problem solve 8
Explain and demonstrate exercises in booklet 21, 22, 26
Provide information on places to exercise 20
Discuss time management and exercise habits 23, 38
Plan social support 29
Provide weekly PA diary and step-count diary 16
2 Session 3 (quit day) Review PA goals, set heart-rate targets on treadmill 10
Identify PA barriers and problem solve 8
Provide weekly PA diary and step-count diary 16
Check PA confidence levels with scaling questions 8
3 Session 4 (one week after quit day) onwards Review PA goals, set heart-rate targets on treadmill 10
Plan for relapse prevention/coping 35
Review exercises in booklet 21, 22, 26
Review social support 29
Use imagery to encourage identity as an ‘exerciser’ 34
Provide weekly PA diary and step-count diary 16
Reminder that sessions reduce to once a week for the last 2 weeks of the program 27
Check PA confidence levels with scaling questions 8
  1. a Michie categories are defined as follows.
  2. 1) Provide information on consequences of behavior in general. 2) Provide information on consequences of behavior to the individual. 7) Action-planning. 8) Barrier identification/problem-solving. 9) Set graded tasks. 10) Prompt review of behavioral goals. 12) Prompt rewards contingent on effort or progress towards behavior. 13) Provide rewards contingent on successful behavior. 16) Prompt self-monitoring of behavior. 20) Provide information on where and when to perform the behavior. 21) Provide instruction on how to perform the behavior. 22) Model/demonstrate the behavior. 23) Teach subject to use prompts/cues. 26) Prompt practice. 27) Use of follow-up prompts. 29) Plan social support/social change. 34) Prompt use of imagery. 35) Relapse-prevention/coping planning. 38) Time management.