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Table 1 Exclusion criteria

From: Decreasing adrenergic or sympathetic hyperactivity after severe traumatic brain injury using propranolol and clonidine (DASH After TBI Study): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Pre-existing condition  
  Heart disease
  Cardiac dysrhythmia
  Allergy to study drugs
Brain-related  
  Penetrating brain injury
  Pre-existing brain dysfunction
  Impending brain herniation
  Craniectomy or craniotomy
Physiologic  
  Spinal cord injury
  Myocardial injury
  Severe liver disease
  Current use of β-blocker and/or α2-agonist
  Withdrawal of care expected in 24 h
Demographic  
  Prisoners
  Pregnant women
  Unable to follow-up through final visit