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Table 4 Patient descriptive data and group equality at PRE

From: Comparison of embedded and added motor imagery training in patients after stroke: results of a randomised controlled pilot trial

Group EG1
N = 13
EG2
N = 12
CG
N = 14
p-value
at BL
Age 65.8 ± 10.2 59.7 ± 13.0 64.4 ± 6.8 0.20
Gender (females) 3 5 4 N/A
Weight (kg) 73.8 ± 10.9 76.8 ± 9.0 75.9 ± 10.4 0.47
Years of education 11.5 ± 2.4 13.5 ± 3.1 12.8 ± 4.1 0.089#
Marital status (married) 11 8 12 N/A
Diagnosis (CVA) 11 9 9 N/A
Handedness before stroke (right) 10 11 14 N/A
Affected body side (right) 9 7 6 N/A
Time since stroke onset (years) 2.9 ± 1.9 4.3 ± 3.6 3.5 ± 3.9 0.22
MMSE (PRE, 30)* 25.0 ± 2.3 27.5 ± 2.2 27.2 ± 1.6 0.0062
EBI (PRE, 64)* 60.7 ± 4.5 61.2 ± 2.3 59.7 ± 5.1 0.351
Falls since stroke onset 0.4 ± 0.7 1.6 ± 1.0 2.1 ± 1.3 < 0.001#
Walking aid§ 1 5 5 N/A
Orthosis (AFO) 1 5 5 N/A
  1. Numbers are listed as frequency or mean score ± 1 standard deviation.
  2. AFO Ankle foot orthosis to prevent foot drop during walking
  3. CG Control group
  4. CVA Cerebrovascular accident
  5. EBI Extended Barthel Index
  6. EG1 Experimental group 1 (embedded MI)
  7. EG2 Experimental group 2 (added MI)
  8. Kg Kilogramme
  9. MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination
  10. N Sample size
  11. N/A Not applicable
  12. PRE Pre-intervention score
  13. * Maximal score
  14. § Walking aid includes any kind of stick or rollator walker
  15. # Variable was not normally distributed at PRE
  16. 1 No equality of variances in independent T-test EG1 and EG2
  17. 2 Group differences between EG1 and CG, not between EG2 and CG