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Table 1 Details of acupuncture protocol

From: Use acupuncture to treat functional constipation: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Group names Acupuncture points De qi sensation Stimulation
Back-Shu and Front-Mu acupoints of Large Intestine meridians (Shu-Mu points group) Tianshu (ST25) Dachangshu (BL25) Yes Both points are punctured bilaterally. Tianshu (ST25) is punctured perpendicularly 1–1.5 cun. Dachangshu (BL25) is punctured perpendicularly 0.8-1.2 cun
He-Sea and Lower He-Sea acupoints of Large Intestine meridians (He points group) Quchi (LI11) Shangjuxu (ST37) Yes Both points are punctured bilaterally. Quchi (LI11) is punctured perpendicularly 0.5-1 cun. Shangjuxu (ST37) is punctured perpendicularly 1–2 cun
Combining used Back-Shu, Front-Mu, He-Sea, and Lower He-Sea acupoints of Large Intestine meridians(Shu-Mu-He points group) Tianshu (ST25) Dachangshu (BL25) Quchi (LI11) Shangjuxu (ST37) Yes Stimulation is the same as above mentioned