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Table 1 Acupuncture point selection protocol

From: Acupuncture as analgesia for low back pain, ankle sprain and migraine in emergency departments: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

  Local points Distal points Other Stimulation Needle choice and Retention Time
All three Conditions LI4 and LV3     Hwato 0.22 × 13 mm
Hwato0.25 × 30 mm
Hwato0.25 × 40 mm
Seirin 0.25 × 30 mm
20-30 minutes retention
Lower Back Pain:
Central type
Huatoujiaji,
DU3 and DU4,
BL 29, BL30, BL31 and BL32
GB 30, BL40, BL54, BL 58, BL62, and KI 3 Other points-
Ashi points as suitable
- Local and Ashi points should be stimulated gently til Deqi is achieved or in the case of a trigger point where a twitch response is elicited.  
Lower Back Pain:
Lateral Type
BL23, BL25, BL52, BL54
and Yaoyan
GB 30, BL40, BL54, BL 58, BL62, and KI 3 Other points-
Ashi points as suitable
- Distal points stimulated more strongly and using a reduction technique  
Ankle Sprain Local points should be selected from
ST41, GB40, BL60, BL 62, BL 63 or
64 KI2, KI3, KI6, SP4, SP5
Distal points SP6, SP9, GB34, ST36 (use with caution on patients with low blood pressure) and HT7 on the opposite wrist to the injury Other points-
Ashi points as suitable
- Local and Ashi points should have no or very little stimulation
- Distal points are to be stimulated more strongly using a reduction technique
 
Migraine -Minimal local point selection (1-2 points)
from Taiyang, ST8, GB8, DU23, BL10, BL 11, GB2
and GB14 according to pain location.
If significant retro-orbital pain: BL2
-Distal points use LV3, LV 2, GB34, LI4, SJ5, ST 36, ST44, BL60, GB41, SP6 Nausea/vomiting add, GV18, PC6 or ST40
Other points-
Ashi points as suitable
-Local points should be no/minimal stimulation
-Distal points should use a reduction technique