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Table 1 Baseline patient characteristics by randomization group.

From: Detection of silent myocardial ischemia in asymptomatic patients with diabetes: results of a randomized trial and meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of systematic screening

Parameter Usual care Screening
Age (years) 63.7 ± 6.4 64.1 ± 6.4
Males (%) 53.7 55.4
BMI (kg/m²) 30.8 ± 5.3 30.4 ± 4.7
HbA1C (%) 8.7 ± 2.0 8.6 ± 2.2
Lipid abnormality (%) 81.6 80.4
History of TIA (%) 3.8 5.4
History of heart failure (%) 0 1.0
History of peripheral arterial disease (%) 14.3 13.9
Familial history of cardiovascular disease (%) 21.0 21.8
Tobacco consumption (%) 14.6 17.4
Hypertension (%) 88.3 89.2
Increased urinary albumin excretion (%) 40.3 44.0
  1. BMI = body mass index; TIA = transient ischemic attack. Quantitative values are given as means and (SD)