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Table 3 Baseline characteristics of sub-sample of service users by trial arm

From: Promoting smoking cessation in Pakistani and Bangladeshi men in the UK: pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of trained community outreach workers

  Intervention Control External control Combined control
All participants (n) 52 16 53 69
Age in years mean (SD) 35.8 (12.6) 34.8 (8.1) 34.2 (11.1) 34.3 (10.4)
Ethnicity n (%)     
   Bangladeshi 8 (15.4) 9 (56.3) 17 (32.1) 26 (37.7)
   Pakistani 44 (84.6) 7 (43.8) 36 (67.9) 43 (62.3)
Marital status n (%)     
   Single 18 (34.6) 5 (31.3) 20 (37.7) 25 (36.2)
   Separated 1 (1.9) 0 (0) 2 (3.8) 2 (2.9)
   Married living with partner 28 (53.8) 11(68.8) 31 (58.5) 42 (60.9)
   Unknown 5 (9.6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Partner's smoking status n (%)     
   Smoker 1 (1.9) 2 (12.5) 3 (5.7) 5 (7.2)
   Non-smoker 33 (63.5) 13 (81.3) 42 (79.2) 55 (79.7)
   No partner 8 (15.4) 1 (6.3) 6 (11.3) 7 (10.1)
   Unknown 10 (19.2) 0 (0) 2 (3.8) 2 (2.9)
Employment     
   In paid employment 18 (34.6) 11 (68.8) 27 (50.9) 38 (55.1)
   Unemployed 24 (46.2) 3 (18.8) 21 (39.6) 24 (34.8)
   Pensioner 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (1.9) 1 (1.4)
   Full time student 5 (9.6) 2 (12.5) 4 (7.5) 6 (8.7)
   Unknown 5 (9.6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Type of Work n (%)     
   Manual 29 (55.8) 9 (56.3) 37 (69.8) 46 (66.7)
   Clerical secretarial 4 (7.7) 0 (0) 3 (5.7) 3 (4.3)
   Managerial professional 6 (11.5) 6 (37.5) 3 (5.7) 9 (13.0)
   Not worked 5 (9.6) 1 (6.3) 6 (11.3) 7 (10.1)
   Unknown 8 (15.4) 0 (0) 4 (7.5) 4 (5.8)
Highest Education n (%)     
   None 14 (26.9) 6 (37.5) 15 (28.3) 21 (30.4)
   GCSE or equivalent 16 (30.8) 5 (31.3) 17 (32.1) 22 (31.9)
   A-level or equivalent 8 (15.4) 2 (12.5) 10 (18.9) 12 (17.4)
   Degree or equivalent 5 (9.6) 2 (12.5) 6 (11.3) 8 (11.6)
   Other 3 (5.8) 0 (0) 5 (9.4) 5 (7.2)
   Unknown 6 (11.5) 1 (6.3) 0 (0) 1 (1.4)
FTND* mean (SD) 4.4 (2.7) 4.4 (2.1) 4.6 (2.4) 4.6 (2.3)
Age of starting smoking in years mean (SD) 17.6 (6.5) 18.1 (4.3) 17.6 (5.2) 17.7 (5.0)
Cigarettes per day mean (SD) 15 (10) 16 (5) 17 (7) 17 (7)
Number past quit attempts mean (SD) 1 (1) 1 (1) 1 (1) 1 (1)
Maximum length of previous quit attempt in days, median (range) 21 (1-336) 14 (1-168) 21 (1-672) 21 (1-672)
  1. *Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence, scored from 0-10.