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Table 7 Direction of effects Quality of Life

From: A meta-review of evidence on heart failure disease management programs: the challenges of describing and synthesizing evidence on complex interventions

Review Measures Pooling (Y/N) Result of pooling
Phillips et al. (2005) [31] NHP
MLHF
HFSBS
Y
(5/6 studies reported QOL)
+
Intervention: 30.6 ± 20.7% VS. control: 19.3 ± 12.6%, p = 0.13
Gwadry-Sridhar et al. (2004) [33] SF-36 N
(4/8 studies reported HRQOL; precluded pooling)
RNPH
Koshman et al. (2008) [35] MLHF
COOP/WONCA
SF-36
EQ-5D
CHFQ
N
(7/12 studies reported HRQOL; precluded pooling)
RNPH
Roccaforte et al. (2005) [28] MLHF
SF-36
N
(16/33 studies reported QOL; varying presentation of results precluded pooling)
RNPH
Taylor et al. (2005) [27] MLHF
QLHFQ
CHFQ
Time trade off method (?)
N
(8/16 studies reported HRQOL; varying results)
RNPH
Phillips et al. (2004) [29] MLHF
NHP
HFSBS
SF-36
Y
(5/18 studies reported HRQOL)
+
Intervention: 25.7% [95% CI, 11.0%-40.4%] VS. control: 13.5% [95% CI, 5.1%-22.0%]
McAlister et al. (2001) [26] NR N (5/11 studies reported HRQOL) Insufficient data
  1. HRQOL = Health-related quality of life; QOL = Quality of life
  2. MLHF = Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire; COOP/WONCA = Dartmouth Primary Care Cooperative Research Network/World Organization of National Colleges, Academics and Academic Associations of General Practitioners/Family Physicians; SF-36 = 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey; EQ-5D = EuroQol-5 Dimensions form
  3. NHP = Nottingham Health Profile; HFSBS = Heart Failure Self Care Behaviour Scale; QLHFQ = Quality of Life in Heart Failure Questionnaire; CHFQ = Chronic Heart Failure Questionnaire
  4. RNPH: Results not pooled due to heterogeneity
  5. + = Non-significant trend favoring intervention
  6. ++ = Significant trend favoring intervention