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Table 6 Effect sizes of primary outcomes of reviews (95% Confidence Intervals)

From: A meta-review of evidence on heart failure disease management programs: the challenges of describing and synthesizing evidence on complex interventions

Review (reference number) All cause mortality All cause re-hospitalization HF-related hospitalization
Koshman et al. [35] OR 0.84 (0.61-1.15) OR 0.71 (0.54-0.94) OR 0.69 (0.51-0.94)
Clark et al. [25] RR 0.80 (0.69-0.92) RR 0.95 (0.89-1.02) RR 0.79 (0.69-0.89)
Gohler et al. [32] RD 0.03 (0.01-0.05) RD 0.08 (0.05-0.11) NA
Jovicic et al. [24] OR 0.93 (0.57-1.51) OR 0.59 (0.44-0.80) OR 0.44 (0.27-0.71)
Holland et al. [34] RR 0.79 (0.69-0.92) RR 0.84 (0.79-0.95) RR 0.70 (0.61-0.81)
Kim & Soeken [23] NA OR 0.87 (0.69-1.04) NA
Phillips et al. [31] RR 0.80 (0.57-1.13) RR 0.91 (0.72-1.16) NA
Roccaforte et al. [28] OR 0.80 (0.69-0.93) OR 0.76 (0.69-0.94) OR 0.58 (0.50-0.67)
Taylor et al. [27] OR 0.86 (0.67-1.10) NA OR 0.52 (0.39-0.70)
Whellan et al. [36] NA NA NA
Gonseth et al. [37] RR 0.75 (0.59-0.96) RR 0.88 (0.79-0.97) RR 0.70 (0.62-0.79)
Gwadry-Sridhar et al. [33] RR 0.98 (0.72-1.34) RR 0.79 (0.68-0.91) NA
McAlister et al. [30] RR 0.83 (0.70-0.99) RR 0.84 (0.75-0.93) RR 0.73 (0.66-0.82)
Phillips et al. [29] RR 0.87(0.73-1.03) RR 0.75 (0.64-0.88) RR 0.65 (0.54-0.79)
McAlister et al. [26] RR 0.94 (0.75-1.19) RR 0.87 (0.79-0.96) NA
  1. RR: Risk Ratio; RD: Risk Difference; OR: Odds Ratio