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Table 4 Definitions of trials and characteristics of interventions actually included

From: A meta-review of evidence on heart failure disease management programs: the challenges of describing and synthesizing evidence on complex interventions

Definitions of interventions included in reviews   
No definition 1/15 [33]
Operationalized definition 11/15 [2327, 3032, 34, 36, 37]
Definitions incorporate approach, personnel, setting and content 3/15 [23, 26, 27]
Concept of a disease management program 5/15 [26, 28, 30, 31, 36]
Concept of comprehensive treatment approach 6/15 [23, 24, 27, 29, 34, 37]
Interventions provided in particular settings 4/15 [23, 2527]
Intervention Settings   
Five settings/modes of provision 2/15 [29, 34]
Four settings 7/15 [27, 30, 31, 33, 3537]
Three settings 4/15 [24, 26, 28, 32]
Single or comparable setting 2/15 [23, 25]
Type of setting   
All settings 2/15 [29, 34]
Hospital (Pre-discharge) 10/15 [23, 2729, 31, 3337]
Hospital and home-based components 9/15 [2729, 31, 3337]
Home and community 9/15 [2729, 31, 3337]
At home 13/15 [24, 2637]
Out-patient 13/15 [24, 2637]
Telephone 11/15 [24, 25, 27, 2935, 37]
Remote provision 5/15 [25, 29, 30, 34, 36]
Professionals   
Nurse-led 11/15 [23, 24, 26, 2832, 34, 36, 37]
'Multi-disciplinary teams' 10/15 [23, 25, 26, 28, 30, 3235, 37]
Physician involvement via cardiologist or GP 9/15 [26, 2832, 3537]
Both cardiologist and GP 3/15 [26, 30, 36]
Pharmacist 6/15 [2830, 32, 35, 37]