Skip to main content

Table 1 Behaviour change techniques used in the HOPE programme.

From: The Home-Based Older People's Exercise (HOPE) trial: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Behaviour change technique (theoretical framework) How the technique is in the intervention
Provide information on consequences (SCogT) Information given about the value of exercise for health in older age
Provide general encouragement (SCogT) Praise and encouragement given by physiotherapists weekly during either a home visit or telephone call
Set graded tasks (SCogT) Opportunities to progress (increased repetitions, addition of progression exercises, advancing to the next level of the programme) are discussed between participant and physiotherapists and an individual progression plan is agreed upon
Provide instruction (SCogT) Each participant receives a HOPE programme manual which gives instructions for the programme and describes in written and pictorial format how to perform each exercise. Physiotherapists also provide instruction during home visits and telephone calls
Model or demonstrate the behaviour (SCogT) Physiotherapists demonstrate how to correctly perform exercises during home visits
Prompt specific goal setting (CT) The physiotherapists facilitates the participant to set specific functional improvement goals
Prompt self-monitoring behaviour (CT) The participant is asked to keep a record of which days they do their exercises on and how many times they complete the routine that day
Prompt practice (OC) Participants are provided with a HOPE programme fridge magnet to prompt them to perform their exercise routine
Relapse prevention 3 "gentle exercises" are provided in the HOPE manual for participants to complete if they are "having a bad day" (this was identified in focus groups as a situation likely to result in failure to maintain the exercise programme)
  1. Techniques and theoretical frameworks were defined using [16]. SCogT, social cognitive theory; CT, control theory; OC, operant conditioning.