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Table 2 Rescue therapies with the protective and the conventional strategy

From: Rationale and study design of PROVHILO - a worldwide multicenter randomized controlled trial on protective ventilation during general anesthesia for open abdominal surgery

Protective Conventional
Step FiO2 PEEP Step FiO2 PEEP
1 0.5 12 1 0.5 2
2 0.5 10 2 0.6 2
3 0.5 8 3 0.6 3
4 0.5 6 4 0.6 4
5 0.6 6 5 0.6 5
6 0.7 6 6 0.7 5
7 0.8 6 7 0.8 5
8 0.8 4 or lower 8 0.8 6
    9 RM 6
  1. See text for details.
  2. Abbreviations: PEEP = positive end-expiratory pressure; FiO2 = fractional inspired oxygen; RM, recruitment maneuver