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Table 6 Key baseline characteristics of participants for all individuals and by study group

From: The Reversal Intervention for Metabolic Syndrome (TRIMS) study: rationale, design, and baseline data

Characteristics n All
(n = 82)
n Intervention
(n = 42)
n Control
(n = 40)
p value
(I vs. C)
Demographic characteristics        
Age (yrs) 82 63 [57 - 67] 42 65 [55 - 68] 40 62 [58 - 67] p = 0.831
Sex: Male 82 36 (43.9) 42 21 (50.0) 40 15 (37.5) p = 0.359
Ethnicity: 82   42   40   p = 0.268
South Asian   18 (22.0)   11 (26.2)   7 (17.5)  
White   62 (75.6)   31 (73.8)   31 (77.5)  
Other   2 (2.4)   0 (0.0)   2 (5.0)  
IMD score (2007) 82 19.50 [14.04 - 33.74] 42 21.49 [14.04 - 21.49] 40 18.59 [13.55 - 32.96] p = 0.344
NS-SEC-5 class: 82   42   40   p = 0.708
1   17 (20.7)   9 (21.4)   8 (20.0)  
2   19 (23.2)   7 (16.7)   12 (30.0)  
3   10 (12.2)   6 (14.3)   4 (10.0)  
4   15 (18.3)   8 (19.0)   7 (17.5)  
5   21 (25.6)   12 (28.6)   9 (22.5)  
Measures related to MetS        
Waist circumference(cm) 82 105.5 ± 10.8 42 103.9 ± 10.2 40 107.2 ± 11.2 p = 0.161
Systolic BP (mmHg) 82 132.4 ± 15.4 42 134.9 ± 13.2 40 129.8 ± 17.3 p = 0.139
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 82 85.9 ± 9.5 42 85.6 ± 9.7 40 86.1 ± 9.5 p = 0.803
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 82 1.20 [1.00 - 1.50] 42 1.20 [1.00 - 1.53] 40 1.20 [1.03 - 1.48] p = 0.367
Triglycerides(mmol/l) 82 1.60 [1.20 - 2.00] 42 1.45 [0.98 - 1.93] 40 1.60 [1.40 - 2.08] p = 0.112
FPG (mmol/l) 82 5.21 ± 0.56 42 5.23 ± 0.44 40 5.19 ± 0.66 p = 0.714
Proportion meeting IDF criteria for:        
BP 82 73 (89.0) 42 37 (88.1) 40 36 (90.0) p = 1.000
FPG 82 22 (26.8) 42 12 (28.6) 40 10 (25.0) p = 0.908
HDL 82 72 (87.8) 42 35 (83.3) 40 37 (92.5) p = 0.313
Triglycerides 82 67 (81.7) 42 35 (83.3) 40 32 (80.0) p = 0.917
Total n° of IDF criteria met: 82   42   40   p = 0.924
3   25 (30.5)   13 (31.0)   12 (30.0)  
4   44 (53.7)   23 (54.8)   21 (52.5)  
5   13 (15.9)   6 (14.3)   7 (17.5)  
Other bio-medical measures        
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 82 30.2 [28.1 - 33.1] 42 29.3 [27.8 - 32.2] 40 30.9 [28.8 - 34.1] p = 0.140
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 82 4.99 ± 0.86 42 4.82 ± 0.77 40 5.17 ± 0.93 p = 0.067
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 80 2.92 ± 0.74 42 2.80 ± 0.68 38 3.05 ± 0.80 p = 0.126
HbA1c (mmol/l) 80 42.0 [40.0 - 43.0] 40 41.0 [39.0 - 42.8] 40 42.5 [40.0 - 44.0] p = 0.179
2 hour glucose (mmol/l) 81 5.80 ± 1.65 41 5.65 ± 1.43 40 5.95 ± 1.85 p = 0.419
Lifestyle & well being        
Current smoker: yes 82 10 (12.2) 42 4 (9.5) 40 6 (15.0) p = 0.514
Fruit & vegetables (portions/day) 82 3.0 [2.0 - 4.0] 42 3.0 [2.0 - 4.0] 40 3.0 [2.0 - 5.0] p = 0.429
Pedometer counts (av steps/day) 72 5762 [3365 - 8592] 39 6829 [3224 - 8596] 33 4774 [3522 - 8653] p = 0.705
EQ-5D score 82 0.80 [0.72 - 1.00] 42 0.80 [0.73 - 1.00] 40 0.76 [0.69 - 1.00] p = 0.293
EQ-5D VAS 81 80.0 [70.0 - 90.0] 41 80.0 [70.0 - 90.0] 40 80.0 [ 61.3 - 90.8] p = 0.420
  1. Parametric continuous data are expressed as mean ± S.D; nonparametric continuous data as median [IQR]; categorical data as number (%).
  2. Other ethnicity category: 1 Caribbean Indian, 1 mixed Caribbean/White British. NS-SEC-5 class: 1 (Managerial & professional occupations); 2 (Intermediate occupations); 3 (Small employers & own account workers); 4 (Lower supervisory & technical occupations); 5 (Semi-routine & routine occupations).
  3. IMD score: greater scores indicate a higher level of deprivation.
  4. Abbreviations: IMD (Index of Multiple Deprivation); NS-SEC (National Statistics Socio-economic Classification); BP (blood pressure); HDL (high density lipoprotein cholesterol); FPG (fasting plasma glucose); IDF (International Diabetes Federation); BMI (body mass index); LDL (low density lipoprotein ); HbA1c (glycated haemoglobin); EQ-5D (EuroQol EQ-5D); VAS (visual analogue scale).